Life History Data Matrix

Checklist of Eastern North Pacific Sharks from the Bering Sea to Southern Baja

The life history data matrix includes life history information for the following chondrichthyans:

ORDER HEXANCHIFORMES (view matrix) — COW & FRILLED SHARKS

FAMILY CHLAMYDOSELACHIDAE — FRILLED SHARKS
Chlamydoselachus anguineus (Garman, 1884) — Frilled shark

FAMILY HEXANCHIDAE — SIXGILL & SEVENGILL SHARKS
Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788) — Sixgill shark
Notorynchus cepedianus (Peron, 1807) — Sevengill cowshark

ORDER SQUALIFORMES — DOGFISH SHARKS

FAMILY ECHINORHINIDAE — BRAMBLE SHARKS
Echinorhinus cookei (Pietschmann, 1928) — Prickly shark

FAMILY SQUALIDAE — DOGFISH SHARKS
Squalus acanthias (Linnaeus, 1758) — Spiny dogfish

FAMILY ETMOPTERIDAE — LANTERNSHARKS
Centroscyllium nigrum (Garman, 1899) — Combtooth dogfish

FAMILY SOMNIOSIDAE — SLEEPER SHARKS
Somniosus pacificus (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944) — Pacific sleeper shark

FAMILY DALATIDAE — KITEFIN SHARKS
Euprotomicrus bispinatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) — Pygmy shark
Isistius brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) — Cookiecutter shark

ORDER SQUATINIFORMES — ANGEL SHARKS

FAMILY SQUATINIDAE — ANGEL SHARKS
Squatina californica (Ayres, 1859) — Pacific angelshark

ORDER HETERODONTIFORMES (view matrix) — BULLHEAD SHARKS

FAMILY HETERODONTIDAE — BULLHEAD SHARKS
Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1854) — Horn shark
Heterodontus mexicanus (Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972) — Mexican hornshark

ORDER ORECTOLOBIFORMES — CARPET SHARKS

FAMILY GINGLYMOSTOMATIDAE — NURSE SHARKS
Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) — Nurse shark

FAMILY RHINCODONTIDAE — WHALE SHARKS
Rhincodon typus (Smith, 1828) — Whale shark

ORDER LAMNIFORMES — MACKEREL SHARKS

FAMILY ODONTASPIDIDAE — SAND TIGER SHARKS
Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) — Smalltooth sand tiger shark

FAMILY MITSUKURINIDAE — GOBLIN SHARKS
Mitsukurina owstoni (Jordan, 1898) — Goblin shark

FAMILY PSEUDOCARCHARIIDAE — CROCODILE SHARKS
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) — Crocodile shark

FAMILY MEGACHASMIDAE — MEGAMOUTH SHARKS
Megachasma pelagios (Taylor, Compagno, & Struhsaker, 1983) — Megamouth shark

FAMILY ALOPIIDAE — THRESHER SHARKS
Alopias pelagicus (Nakamura, 1935) — Pelagic thresher shark
Alopias superciliosus (Lowe, 1839) — Bigeye thresher shark
Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) — Thresher shark

FAMILY CETORHINIDAE — BASKING SHARKS
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) — Basking shark

FAMILY LAMNIDAE — MACKEREL SHARKS
Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) — Great white shark
Isurus oxyrinchus (Rafinesque, 1810) — Shortfin mako shark
Isurus paucus (Guitart Manday, 1966) — Longfin mako shark
Lamna ditropis (Hubbs & Follett, 1947) — Salmon shark

ORDER CARCHARHINIFORMES (view matrix) — GROUND SHARKS

FAMILY SCYLIORHINIDAE — CATSHARKS
Apristurus brunneus (Gilbert, 1892) — Brown catshark
Apristurus kampae (Tayor, 1972) — Longnose catshark
Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman, 1880) — Swellshark
Cephalurus cephalus (Gilbert, 1892) — Lollipop catshark
Parmaturus xaniurus (Gilbert, 1892) — Filetail catshark

FAMILY TRIAKIDAE — HOUND SHARKS
Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758) — Soupfin shark
Mustelus californicus (Gill, 1864) — Gray smoothhound shark
Mustelus henlei (Gill, 1862) — Brown smoothhound shark
Mustelus lunulatus( Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) — Sicklefin smoothhound shark
Triakis semifasciata (Girard, 1854) — Leopard shark

FAMILY CARCHARHINIDAE — REQUIEM SHARKS
Carcharhinus albimarginatus (Ruppell, 1837) — Silvertip shark
Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950) — Bignose shark
Carcharhinus brachyurus (Gunther, 1870) — Copper shark
Carcharhinus falciformis (Bibron, in Muller & Henle, 1839) — Silky shark
Carcharhinus galapagensis (Snodgrass & Heller, 1905) — Galapagos shark
Carcharhinus leucas (Valenciennes, 1839) — Bull shark
Carcharhinus limbatus (Valenciennes, in Muller & Henle, 1839) — Blacktip shark
Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861) — Oceanic whitetip shark
Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818) — Dusky shark
Carcharhinus porosus (Ranzani, 1839) — Smalltail shark
Galeocerdo cuvier (Peron & Lesueur, in Lesueur, 1822) — Tiger shark
Nasolamia velox (Gilbert, in Jordan & Evermann, 1898) — Whitenose shark
Negaprion brevirostris (Poey, 1868) — Lemon shark
Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) — Blue shark
Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) — Pacific sharpnose shark

FAMILY SPHYRNIDAE — HAMMERHEAD SHARKS
Sphyrna corona (Springer, 1940) — Scalloped bonnethead
Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, in Cuvier, Griffith & Smith, 1834) — Scalloped hammerhead shark
Sphyrna mokarran (Ruppell, 1837) — Great hammerhead shark
Sphyrna tiburo (Linnaeus, 1758) — Bonnethead hammerhead shark
Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) — Smooth hammerhead shark

ORDER RAJIFORMES (view matrix part 1, part 2)— BATOIDS

FAMILY ARHYNCHOBATIDAE (Fowler, 1934) — SOFTNOSE SKATES
Bathyraja abyssicola (Gilbert, 1896) — Deepsea skate
Bathyraja aleutica (Gilbert, 1895) — Aleutian skate
Bathyraja interrupta (Gill & Townsend, 1897) — Bering skate
Bathyraja kincaidii (Garman, 1908) — Sandpaper skate
Bathyraja lindbergi (Ishiyama & Ishihara, 1977) — Commander Skate
Bathyraja maculata (Ishiyama & Ishihara, 1977) — Whiteblotched skate
Bathyraja mariposa (Stevenson et al., 2004) — Butterfly skate
Bathyraja microtrachys (Osburn & Nichols, 1917) — Finspined skate
Bathyraja minispinosa (Ishiyama & Ishihara, 1977) — Smallthorn skate
Bathyraja parmifera (Bean, 1882) — Alaska skate
Bathyraja smirnovi (Soldatov & Pavlenko, 1915) — Golden skate
Bathyraja spinosissima (Beebe & Tee-Van, 1941) — White skate
Bathyraja taranetzi (Dolganov, 1985) — Mud skate
Bathyraja trachura (Gilbert, 1892) — Roughtail skate
Bathyraja violacea (Suvorov, 1935) — Okhotsk skate

FAMILY RAJIDAE (Blainville, 1816) — SKATES
Amblyraja badia (Garman, 1899) — Broad skate
Raja binoculata (Girard, 1854) — Big skate
Raja equatorialis (Jordan & Bollman, 1890) — Equatorial skate
Raja inornata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1881) — California skate
Raja rhina (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) — Longnose skate
Raja stellulata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) — Starry skate
Raja velezi (Chirichigno, 1973) — Rasptail skate

FAMILY RHINOBATIDAE (Muller & Henle, 1837) — GUITARFISHES
Rhinobatos glaucostigma (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884) — Slaty-spotted guitarfish
Rhinobatos productus (Girard, 1854) — Shovelnose guitarfish
Zapteryx exasperata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) — Banded guitarfish

FAMILY PLATYRHINIDAE — THORNBACK RAYS
Platyrhinoidis triseriata (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) — Thornback ray

FAMILY TORPEDINIDAE (Bonaparte, 1838) — ELECTRIC RAYS
Diplobatis ommata (Jordan & Gilbert, in Jordan & Bollman, 1889) — Target ray
Narcine entemedor (Jordan & Starks, 1985) — Cortez electric ray
Torpedo californica (Ayres, 1855) — California electric ray

FAMILY UROLOPHIDAE (Muller & Henle, 1841) — STINGRAYS
Urobatis concentricus (Osburn & Nichols, 1916) — Bull’s-eye stingray
Urobatis halleri (Cooper, 1863) — Round stingray
Urobatis maculatus (Garman, 1913) — Cortez round stingray
Urotrygon aspidura (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) — Roughtail round stingray
Urotrygon chilensis (Gunther, 1871) — Chilean round stingray
Urotrygon munda (Gill, 1863) — Shortfin round stingray
Urotrygon rogersi (Jordan & Starks, 1895) — Lined round stingray

FAMILY DASYATIDAE (Jordan, 1888) — WHIPTAIL STINGRAYS
Dasyatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) — Diamond stingray
Dasyatis longus (Garman, 1880) — Longtail stingray
Dasyatis violacea (Bonaparte, 1832) — Pelagic stingray

FAMILY GYMNURIDAE — BUTTERFLY RAYS
Gymnura marmorata (Cooper, 1864) — California butterfly ray

FAMILY MYLIOBATIDAE — EAGLE RAYS
Aetobatos narinari (Euphrasen, 1790) — Spotted eagleray
Myliobatis californica (Gill, 1865) — Bat ray
Myliobatis longirostris (Applegate & Fitch, 1964) — Longnose eagle ray

FAMILY RHINOPTERIDAE — COWNOSE RAYS
Rhinoptera steindachneri (Evermann & Jenkins, 1892) — Hawkray or Pacific cownose ray

FAMILY MOBULIDAE — MANTA RAYS
Manta birostris (Donndorff, 1798) — Manta ray
Mobula japonica (Muller & Henle, 1841) — Spinetail mobula

ORDER CHIMAERIFORMES (view matrix) — CHIMAERAS OR SILVERSHARKS

FAMILY CHIMAERIDAE — SHORTNOSE CHIMAERAS
Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett, 1839) — White-spotted chimaera
Hydrolagus sp. E, Undescribed California chimaera — Big black chimaera
Hydrolagus sp. H, Undescribed California chimaera — Davidson Seamount Chimaera

FAMILY RHINOCHIMAERIDAE — LONGNOSE CHIMAERAS
Harriotta raleighana (Goode & Bean, 1895) — Narrownose chimaera